8th Century BC - Ancient History Timeline

800 - 700 BC

Near East   Egypt   Persia   Europe   Greece   Rome   India   Far East Other



800 Etruscans arrive in Italy by way of the Sea

800 Zapotec hieroglyphs developed

800 Traditional date for the Iliad and Odyssey written by Homer

800 Greek alphabet first used

800 Phoenicians settle in Cyprus

800 Amaziah becomes king of Judah till 783

800 Earliest Iron Age societies develop in Germany and Austria

786 Jeroboam II becomes king of Israel till 746

783 Uzziah (Azariah) becomes king of Judah till 742

780 Greek migrants  settle on the Spanish coast, Sicily and southern Italy

776 First recorded Olympic Games held at the sanctuary of Zeus in Olympia, Greece

774 Assyrian incursions of Phoenicia begin

770 Eastern Chou dynasty in China, capital moved from Hao to Luoyang

753 Legendary date for the founding of Rome by Romulus and Remus 

750 Etruscan Kings rule Rome

750 Kushites occupy Egypt

750 iron working in Egypt

750 Scythians are driven westward toward the Black Sea

750 Athens and Sparta become a major power druing the Archaic period

750 Amos is a prophet in Israel till 745

750 Hosea is a prophet in Israel till 745

746 Zachariah becomes king of Israel till 745

745 Shallum becomes king of Israel till 745

745 Menahem becomes king of Israel till 737

745 Tiglath-Pileser III reigns over Assyria

743 Sparta initiates the first Messenian War till 716.

742 Jotham becomes king of Judah till 735

742 Isaiah is a prophet in Judah till 700

740 Jonah is a prophet in Judah till 730

738 Assyria invades Phoenicia

737 Pekahiah becomes king of Israel till 736

736 Pekah becomes king of Israel till 732

735 Ahaz becomes king of Judah till 715

734 Tyre falls to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria

733 Syracuse is founded on Sicily by the Greeks

732 Damascus city-state falls to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria

732 Hoshea becomes king of Israel till 724

729 Tiglath-Pileser captures Babylon and reigns as king

725 King Midas rules over Phrygia

722 Sargon II of Assyria captures Samaria, the capital of Israel

722 The northern kingdom of Israel comes to an end.

722 Sargon II of Assyria deports 28,000 Israelites who become the "Ten Lost Tribes"

722 Micah is a prophet in Judah till 701

721 Chaldaeans enter Babylonia and compete for the Babylonian throne

721 Sargon II defeats the Urartians

720 Egypt reunited under Nubian (Ethiopian) rule (25th Dynasty)

715 Hezekiah becomes king of Judah till 687

710 The Assyrians destroy the kingdom of Chaldea

709 Phrygia becomes a tributary to Assyria

706 Tarentum is established in southern Italy by Sparta

705 Sennacherib becomes king of Assyria till 682

701 Sennacherib establishes his capital at Nineveh

701 Sennacherib begins his campaign on the west to Phoenicia

701 Sennacherib Devastates Northern Judah and Lachish

701 Assyrians invade and conquer most of Phoenicia

701 Sennacherib, king of Assyria besieges Jerusalem

701 The Assyrian army is smote by God



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