"they led Him away and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate " - Matthew 27:2
Pontius Pilate - A Brief OverviewClick around the Picture
Pontius Pilate will go down forever in history as the man who ordered the crucifixion of Jesus, persuaded by the Jewish authorities against his will. Pontius Pilate was the Roman procurator in Judea from 26 to 36 A.D. (Luke 3 :1). Non-Christian authors (Tacitus, Philo, and Flavius Josephus) mention not only his name but also many details concerning his person and his rule. In a letter from Agrippa I, cited by Philo, his character is severely judged. It speaks of unlimited harshness, pride, violence, greed, insults, continual executions without trial, and endless and unbearable cruelty. His insensitive policies brought Pilate into conflict with the Jews. They were continually offended with Pilate's statues which the Jews considered idolatry (Exod. 20:4). The Jews opposed the entry into Jerusalem of soldiers with banners bearing the likeness of the emperor, and also to the placing of shields inscribed with the Roman emperor's name inside Herod's palace. The Jews finally appealed to the Emperor Tiberius and they succeeded in obtaining withdrawal of the idols.
His use of temple funds to finance the building of an aqueduct also created hostility and bad relations. Finally, after brutally slaughtering the Samaritans, Pilate was sent back to Rome by Vitellius, the legate in Syria, to answer for his conduct.
In the New Testament Pontius Pilate first appears during the time of the Passover Feast in Jerusalem and is confronted with the person of Jesus, who is accused of treason and blasphemy by the Jewish authorities, and Pilate must act as Jesus' judge. The Gospel recounts the trial in detail. Although Pilate is convinced of Jesus' innocence, he is forced to order Jesus to be crucified. By washing his hands and declaring he is innocent of the blood of Jesus, he tries to evade any responsibility.
Another harsh action by Pilate is referred to in Luke 13.
A large assortment of legendary material dealing with Pontius Pilate is found in later literature. Justine the Martyr, Tertullian, and Eusebius refer to an official report compiled by Pilate and sent to Emperor Tiberius which probably gave rise to the Acta (or Gesta) Pilati (or the Gospel of Nicodemus), which claims to be a version of that report (not earlier than the 4th cent.). Details found in Eusebius claim that Pilate committed suicide. Others say he was executed by Nero, according to one tradition. Another tradition says that He finally accepted Jesus and was executed by Tiberius. His wife, by whom he is warned in Matt. 27: 19, is called Procla or Claudia Procula in a legend where she is represented as a follower of Christ. Pontius Pilate
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- Easton s Bible Dictionary
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- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
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- Smith s Bible Dictionary
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Table of Contents
- Ancient Assyrian Social Structure
- Ancient Babylonia
- Ancient Canaan During the Time of Joshua
- Ancient History Timeline
- Ancient Oil Lamps
- Antonia Fortress
- Archaeology of Ancient Assyria
- Assyria and Bible Prophecy
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- First Century Jerusalem
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- Herod Agrippa I
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- Matthew Henry Bible Commentary
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- Paul's First Missionary Journey
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- Pontius Pilate
- Questions About the Ancient World
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- Tax Collectors in New Testament Times
- The Babylonian Captivity
- The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser
- The Books of the New Testament
- The Court of the Gentiles
- The Court of the Women in the Temple
- The Destruction of Israel
- The Fall of Judah with Map
- The History Of Rome
- The Incredible Bible
- The Jewish Calendar in Ancient Hebrew History
- The Life of Jesus in Chronological Order
- The Life of Jesus in Harmony
- The Names of God
- The New Testament
- The Old Testament
- The Passion of the Christ
- The Pharisees
- The Sacred Year of Israel in New Testament Times
- The Samaritans
- The Scribes
- How did the ancient Greeks and Romans practice medicine and treat illnesses?
- What were the major contributions of ancient Babylon to mathematics and astronomy?
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- What were the cultural and artistic achievements of ancient India, particularly during the Gupta Empire?
- How did ancient civilizations like the Incas and Aztecs build their remarkable cities and structures?
- What were the major trade routes and trading practices of the ancient world?
- What was the role of slavery in ancient societies like Rome and Greece?
- How did the ancient Mayans develop their sophisticated calendar system?
- What were the key events and significance of the Battle of Thermopylae in ancient Greece?
- What was life like for women in ancient Rome?
Bible Study Questions
- What does biblical archaeologist said about hieroglyphics?
- Where is the Negev where Abram went to in Genesis?
- What is the name of Ramallah in the Bible?
- How do we approach and study the historical and cultural context of biblical passages?
- What is the significance of the Psalms in personal and corporate worship?
- How do we discern and apply biblical principles to contemporary ethical issues?
- What is the biblical perspective on the nature of God's love and mercy?
- How do we interpret and understand apocalyptic literature in the Bible?
- What are the different covenants in the Bible and their significance?
- How do we grow in spiritual maturity and develop a deeper understanding of the Word?
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