King Herod actually rebuilt an existing fortification known as the "Baris" (Heb.
Bira "fortress). It was called the Fortress of Antonia and named in honor of
Herod the Greatís friend and military associate, the Roman Triumvir Marcus
Antonius also known as Mark Antony. Herod had owed his rule over Judea
exclusively to Mark Antony, who had requested that the Senate make Herod King of
Judea as an eastern boundary to the Empire.
The name Antonia was not used in the Bible but referred to as the "barracks"
(see Acts 21:32-36).
In Greek it was "to anastema tes Antonias".
In Latin it was "turris Antonia".
The Northwest Corner of the Temple (see picture below).
These photos are
from an archaeological reproduction of first century Jerusalem, located in Jerusalem.
The Fortress of
Antonia was built in 35 B.C. and named in honor of Herodís friend and Roman
Triumvir Marcus Antonius also known as Mark Antony. It was actually Mark Anthony
who had requested that the Senate make Herod King of Judea as an eastern
boundary to the Roman Empire. At some point the Romans took over the Antonia
Fortress and placed a garrison there.
attacked the city of Jerusalem from the north side in 70 A.D. and overcame it.
The legions of Rome slaughtered over a million Jews and 95,000 Jewish captives
were taken away as prisoners.