In 35 B.C. King Herod rebuilt the Baris, a strong fortress to protect the Temple
Mount and the primary military fortification of Jerusalem. He must have built it
before the defeat of Antony by Octavian in 31 B.C. or else it would have been
foolish to name it Antonia, Octavianís rival.
The Antonia Fortress overlooked the Temple and the city of Jerusalem and became
another of Herod's landmarks. Herod had no doubt used this as his palace for
many years, since he did not build his new palace on the west side of the city
until around 23 B.C. At some point the Romans took over the Antonia Fortress and
placed a garrison there.
The Northwest Corner of the Temple (see picture below).
These photos are
from an archaeological reproduction of first century Jerusalem, located in Jerusalem.
The Fortress of
Antonia was built in 35 B.C. and named in honor of Herodís friend and Roman
Triumvir Marcus Antonius also known as Mark Antony. It was actually Mark Anthony
who had requested that the Senate make Herod King of Judea as an eastern
boundary to the Roman Empire. At some point the Romans took over the Antonia
Fortress and placed a garrison there.
attacked the city of Jerusalem from the north side in 70 A.D. and overcame it.
The legions of Rome slaughtered over a million Jews and 95,000 Jewish captives
were taken away as prisoners.